Sonic the Hedgehog is the title character and protagonist of the Sonic the Hedgehog video game series released by Sega, as well as numerous spin-off comics, animations, and other media. Sonic is a blue anthropomorphic hedgehog who can run at supersonic speeds and curl into a ball, primarily to attack enemies. In most games, Sonic must race through levels, collecting power-up rings and avoiding obstacles and enemies.
Most of the games are developed by Sonic Team. Programmer Yuji Naka and artist Naoto Ohshima are generally credited with his creation. The original Sonic the Hedgehog (1991) was released to provide Sega with a mascot to rival Nintendo’s flagship character Mario in June 1991. Sonic was redesigned by Yuji Uekawa for Sonic Adventure (1998), with a more mature look designed to appeal to older players.
Sonic is one of the world’s best-known video game characters and a gaming icon. His series had sold more than 80 million copies by the early 2010s. In 2005, Sonic was one of the first game character inductees into the Walk of Game alongside Mario and Link.
1) Origins and history
While Sega was seeking a flagship series to compete with Nintendo’s Mario series with a character to replace Alex Kidd as the company’s mascot, several character designs were submitted by its research and development department. Many results came forth from their experiments with character design, including an armadillo (who was later developed into Mighty the Armadillo), a dog, a Theodore Roosevelt look-alike in pajamas (who would later be the basis of Dr. Robotnik/Eggman’s design), and a rabbit (who would use its extendable ears to collect objects, an aspect later incorporated in Ristar). Naoto Ohshima took some of these internal designs with him on a trip to New York City and sought feedback by asking random passersby at Central Park their opinions; of the designs, the spiky teal hedgehog, initially codenamed “Mr. Needlemouse”, led this informal poll, followed by Eggman and the dog character. Ohshima felt that people selected it because it “transcends race and gender and things like that”.On return to Japan, Ohshima pitched this to the department, and the hedgehog was ultimately selected as the new mascot.
The detailed design of Sonic was aimed to be something that could be easily drawn by children and be familiar, as well as exhibit a “cool” attitude, representative of the United States at the time. Sonic’s blue pigmentation was chosen to match Sega’s cobalt blue logo, and his shoes evolved from a design inspired by Michael Jackson’s boots with the addition of the color red, which was inspired by both Santa Claus and the contrast of those colors on Jackson’s 1987 album Bad; his personality was based on then-presidential candidate and later President of the United States Bill Clinton’s “Get it done” attitude during the 1992 presidential campaign. To help sell the idea to Sega’s higher-ups, Ohshima pitched the concept framed by a fictional fighter pilot that had earned the named “Hedgehog” due to his spiky hair and had decorated his plane with images of Sonic. When this pilot retired, he married a children’s book author, who wrote stories about the Sonic character, the first which became the plot for the first Sonic game; Ohshima stated that this influence can be seen in the logo of the game, which features Sonic in a pilot’s wing emblem.
The origins of Sonic can be traced farther back to a tech demo created by Yuji Naka, who had developed an algorithm that allowed a sprite to move smoothly on a curve by determining its position with a dot matrix. Naka’s original prototype was a platform game that involved a fast-moving character rolling in a ball through a long winding tube, and this concept was subsequently fleshed out with Oshima’s character design and levels conceived by designer Hirokazu Yasuhara.
Sonic’s appearance varies greatly depending on the medium and the style in which he is drawn. In the video games, Sonic’s original design by Oshima was short and round, with short quills, a round body, and no visible irises. Artwork featuring this design and drawn by Akira Watanabe was displayed on the package artwork for Sonic the Hedgehog. Sonic’s proportions would change for the release of Sonic the Hedgehog 2 on the Mega Drive; Sonic’s head to height ratio was changed from 1:2 to 1:2.5. For the 1998 release of Sonic Adventure, Sonic was redesigned by Yuji Uekawa as a character with longer legs and a less spherical body, longer and more drooping quills, and green-colored irises. For the 2006 game, Sonic was redesigned to make him look adult-like and taller to appeal to the next generation players. This was also done because Sonic would interact with humans more often and his design was supposed to fit. An alternative “Werehog” form was introduced in Sonic Unleashed, placing more emphasis on Sonic’s melee skills rather than speed. Although Tetsu Katano acknowledged the large negative fan response to the Werehog, he believes it could return in a future game.
Bob Maffei, CEO of Sonic Boom developer Big Red Button, stated that Sonic Boom‘s Sonic is “very different … both in tone and art direction”.
- Sonic The Hedgehog
Sonic the Hedgehog in products like comics, cartoons, and books. The first game called Sonic The Hedgehog for the Sega Genesis system was released on June 23, 1991. Since then Sonic has become a symbol of Sega, as well as a rival to Nintendo’s Mario character.
To date, Sonic has become one of the best-known game characters in the world, with over 45 million copies sold. In 2005, Sonic became one of the first game characters to be selected for the Walk of Game, after Mario and Link.
Japanese artist Naoto Ōshima, designer Hirokazu Yasuhara, and programmer Yuji Naka have all contributed to the creation of Sonic’s shape: blue, porcupine shaped like a human and most especially capable of moving. move faster than the speed of sound (a key element in the gameplay of game products).
It can be said that Sonic is like a wind, has a strong, adventurous, comfortable and caring attitude. Impatient and often head into trouble without thinking, because his confidence never wavered, even when faced with the most terrible trouble. He likes rock music. In some movies (like Underground and Sonic X), Sonic is afraid of water, mainly because he can’t swim. Nonetheless, Sonic bravely dives into the water in undersea adventures or the rescue of his friends. In Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games, Sonic has to wear a life jacket during the swim competition.
He lives on a site known as the South Island on the planet Mobius in Sonic the Hedgehog and (according to Sonic Team’s document) his first birth was on Christmas Island. However, during other series, he travels from place to place on an adventure.
Sonic’s many abilities rely on the ability to curl up into spikes to protect the hedgehog. In the first Sonic The Hedgehog game, Sonic’s main attack skill was Spin Attack (when he jumped or ran, rolled and rolled into a sphere that could cause damage, destruction or piercing through. In later games, it was transformed into different types of attacks, two of which appeared in Sonic’s next products: Homing Attack. appear in Sonic The Hedgehog 2 (roll into a spherical spot at a point to gain momentum before firing at the fastest speed) and Rocket Attack appears in Sonic Adventure (shoots directly at a set target and times Comb shoots at the next target nearby).
Using the Chaos Emeralds seven diamond set, Sonic can transform into Super Sonic.
Also sonic can change into Werehog (wolf porcupine hybrid) in the dark when the moon rises. As a result, the doctor fired a laser beam at Sonic and transformed into were a hog in Sonic Unleashed
Sonic can do these things:
Ax Kick (ア ッ ク ス キ ッ ク): Sonic rolls on hitting the opponent, with a strong, damaging power
Whirlwind (ワ ー ル ウ イ ン ド): Sonic performs a tornado move, damaging everyone caught inside.
Sonic throwing plane (ブ ル ー ボ ン バ ー): Tails on the plane, then throws Sonic to shoot at the enemy. Sonic strikes continuously for a few seconds
Fastball (フ ァ ス ト ボ ー ル): Amy uses her hammer to hit Sonic rolling on the enemy three times, making it sluggish.
Create three whirlwinds (ト リ プ ル ト ル ネ ー ド): In a variation of the aforementioned Whirlwind move, Sonic, Knuckles, and Tails get pushed in the air in a Tornado gun, then fall and kill all enemies. This can leave targets sluggish.
Hail (ヘ イ ル ス ト ー): Knuckles, Tails, and Amy hit Sonic rolling on a single target, capable of great enemies.
Miles “Tails” Prower
Tail is a talented young fox who can fly by spinning his two tails like helicopter rotors. He resides in the Mystic Ruins. A gentle soul bullied in his past for having a little more than others do, Tails became more confident about himself after meeting Sonic. Tails are very intelligent, yet very humble, and always willing to help out when he can. Tails can do just about anything if he just thinks about it and sums up all the answers correctly. He is always very supportive of his friends and he looks up to Sonic. Tails have been with Sonic ever since.
Knuckles the Echidna
Knuckles is a heroic and powerful echidna who lives on Angel Island, an island in the sky. He is destined to guard Master Emerald at the Altar of the Emeralds, forever. He is Sonic’s rival and also a friend who can be stubborn and serious. His belief in the goodness of others sometimes makes him gullible. Knuckles is honest, loyal to his duty, independent, and headstrong. Despite being a silent loner, and the fact he prefers that too, he is also kindhearted. Due to his nature, he very often chooses force to be the solution to his problems.
Amy is a young and cheerful girl hedgehog who can be a bit obsessed about chasing Sonic. She is his self-proclaimed girlfriend and an energetic go-getter who lets nothing get in her way. Although she has a tomboyish portrayal, she is also very kind and sweet. Amy is always full of hope and is always cheering for the good side of things. She feels strongly that there is always a chance for the world to be saved and that people are basically good. Despite being slightly annoying, she has rarely met anyone who she did not befriend. Amy is a regular sweetheart.
Shadow the Hedgehog
Shadow is an artificially processed transgenic hedgehog, created with Black Arms DNA by Professor Gerald Robotnik. He is known as the ultimate life form, also sharing Sonic’s agility and speed. He has a strong sense of purpose and pursues his goals by any means necessary. Shadow prefers to work alone and distances himself from essentially everyone, with few exceptions. He has a very strong sense of protecting mankind due to his relationship with Maria Robotnik in the past. After recovering from amnesia, he has had a better understanding of living faithfully.
Rouge the Bat
Rouge is asmart, sassy and seductive female bat. She is a treasure hunter who specializes in jewels, and she always gets what she wants. She might have a secret interest in Knuckles, since some things never change after all. She might appear to be ditsy at first blush, but she is a calculating realist who acts on her mercenary instincts. Rouge occasionally works for the government as a spy, but nevertheless, there is always something in for her own good. She is a strong-minded young woman, flirty and greedy, and fights dirty when facing a potentially superior opponent.
Cream the Rabbit & Cheese
Cream is a sweet girl rabbit and a friend of the chao. She is inseparable from her chao friend, Cheese. She is very nurturing also towards Cheese’s brother, Chocola. She gives her best at anything she tries, and is always full of curiosity. She is polite, just, and follows manners. Her mother Vanilla the Rabbit is strict, but kind discipline has made Cream very kind. She is brave as well, usually not afraid to go out on an adventure. She is a bit naive however, and does not always see things right away since she is still very young. She loves making flower crowns.
Blaze the Cat
Blaze is a pyrokinetic cat princess from another dimension who is the protector of the Sol Emeralds. She has helped Sonic in the past to abolish Eggman Nega’s plans. Blaze takes her job so seriously that she is not the best at making friends. She is calm, solemn, and level-headed as she conceals her true feelings. Blaze is often lacking in social skills, and comes off as shy. But the time she has spent with Sonic and Cream has helped her to discover the meaning of friendship. Blaze is also quite mannerly, probably due to her royal upbringing.
Silver the Hedgehog
Silver is a hedgehog who has come from the future to change a ruined planet in his timeline. Although he was raised in such a world, he is an optimist and he is full of a strong sense of justice that motivates him to head to the past to correct the future. His psychokinetic abilities enable him to move things around by using just the power of his mind, a power considered second nature in his time. He also believes in standing up for those who cannot for themselves. Yet he is somewhat young and immature at times.
E-123 Omega was created as the last of Eggman’s E-100 Series robots, possibly inspired by the design of E-102 Gamma. Omega was designed by Eggman to prevent the release of Shadow. But being imprisoned infuriated Omega, and he abandoned his original programming to prove his power against all of Eggman’s machines. Since then, he teamed up with Rouge and Shadow, the people he trusts most. While Omega is largely emotionless since he is a robot, he is still capable of understanding those of others. He prefers to destroy anything that poses any kind of threat.
Espio the Chameleon
Espio is a chameleon who is a master of ninja arts. As a skilled ninja who thrives on danger, he uses stealth and speed to fool his enemies. His wariness and soulful character makes him a vital member of Chaotix Detective Agency. He is very serious, calm, wise and disciplined, but also opinionated and somewhat arrogant at times. He is usually eager to find danger to flex and polish his skills. He has very good deduction skills as well and can analyze the evil in an instant. He cares a lot for the well-being of his friends.
Charmy is a hyperactive bee who is one of the co-founders of Chaotix Detective Agency. He loves to play and can be seen buzzing around everywhere. Although he usually does not get angry, he uses his powerful stinger to attack enemies when provoked. Charmy would rather be playing around than work. He enjoys singing and similar childish goofs, while his teammates try to focus on the tasks. He is easily excitable and looks up to superior figures. His childish behavior can be annoying at times, but nonetheless, he is a valuable member of the agency.
Vector the Crocodile
Vector is a croc with attitude and the head honcho of Chaotix Detective Agency. Despite his scaly exterior and often aggressive manner, Vector has a kind heart deep down. While he may seem like he is only about the pay, he always helps those in need for free. He has a rough demeanor, and at times he is even downright rude, but he is quite a kind soul. He will always care for others and do nothing that will hurt them. He will not get involved with anything not right. He also intensely loves listening to music.
Big the Cat & Froggy
Big is a large cat with endless care for his friends. He is carefree and laid-back. He likes to spend fun days with his best friend Froggy and takes Froggy everywhere with him. However, he is rather a slow thinker and important things sometimes pass right through his mind. He is very loyal to his friends and reliable. He does not like worry and hurry, and prefers a relaxed life. He has a habit of losing Froggy. Big is amazed by a lot of things and is almost always upbeat, but he is still a great friend.
Marine the Raccoon
Marine is a hydro-kinetic adventurous raccoon from Blaze’s dimension. She was raised on an isolated island of which she eventually grew tired of. She would spend her days gazing upon the vast ocean surrounding her island, wondering what kinds of places and adventures her world had in store. Marine is rather giddy and so often acts before she thinks. She is relatively bossy and attention-seeking, and others occasionally find her a nuisance. She often tries to act tough and in control in front of others even when she herself is anxious. Her passion is to become a worthy captain.
Mighty the Armadillo
Mighty is an armadillo that loves to travel and his dream is to journey the world. He is a gentle explorer and a caring pacifist, using his strength and fighting abilities only when there is no other option. A long time ago, he was captured by Doctor Eggman and he was imprisoned at his base. He met Sonic and Ray, and they escaped together. He was caught again, later on, this time to be saved by Knuckles. He joined the Chaotix Detective Agency as they stopped Eggman’s robots. He later left the agency and went onto an adventure with Ray.
Ray the Flying Squirrel
Ray is a flying squirrel with a rather quirky personality. A long time ago, he was captured by Doctor Eggman and was imprisoned at his base. He was very frightened, but Sonic came to rescue him and his new friend Mighty. He later developed a close friendship with Mighty. Mighty and Ray consider each other brothers and treat each other as such. Ray is slightly more fearful than Mighty, yet extraordinarily interested in superheroes. Ray was recently invited to a new adventure by Mighty.
Chaos is a mutated chao that has the power of the Master Emerald within him. Once he absorbs all seven Chaos Emeralds, he becomes the dreaded Perfect Chaos. Chaos was a very loving and gentle creature until Pachacamac and his soldiers tried to use the power of Chaos Emeralds to overcome their enemies. Eggman managed to track Chaos’ energy, bring him back to life, and get him to achieve his aggressive final form, which eventually backfired at him. Tikal is Chaos’ best friend, and they live joyfully with the chao in their realm
There are also some other characters such as Tikal the Echidna, Fang the Sniper, Bean the Dynamite, Bark the Polar Bear, Jet the Hawk, Wave the Swallow, Storm the Albatross, Tiara the Manx, Honey the Cat, Shade the Echidna, Mephiles the Dark, Heavy & Bomb, E-102 Gamma…
Sonic The Hedgehog Film
About the movie schedule, Paramount Pictures has recently released an official announcement of the release of the upcoming animated film entitled Sonic the Hedgehog, from November 15, 2019, to November 8, 2019, 1 week earlier than originally expected. The film is a combination of live-action and CGI (simulation technology). As originally planned, the movie will be released on November 15, 2019. Actor Ben Schwartz will take on the voice role of Sonic. James Marsden and Tika Sumpter will star the film, and Jim Carrey will take on the voice of Robotnik – the main villain in the film. The film also has the staff of: Jeff Fowler first took on the role of the film director. Tim Miller and Toby Ascher took on production director positions alongside producer, Neal Moritz and collaborated with Dmitri Johnson and Dan Jevons.
The film project about the combination of live-action and computer simulation technology was first started in 2014 and was jointly implemented by Sony and Marza Animation Planet. In February 2016, Sega Sammy’s chairman and CEO, Hajime Satomi, revealed that Sony Pictures Entertainment was planning to make a movie. In addition, the Hollywood Reporter reported in October that Paramount Pictures had acquired the rights to the film Sonic the Hedgehog.
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